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Travel guide > Europe >

Climate and weather of Finland



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Finland




 

Climate

 
Finland has a subarctic climate with two distinct climatic zones.

Temperatures vary more during the year in the north (-10° in January, 18° in July) than in the center and in the south (-5° in January, 20° in July). Rainfall is higher in the south (600 to 700 mm per year) than in the north (400 mm per year).

Central and southern Finland
Winter (November to March)
Temperatures drop from November (0 to 2°) until January (-5°) and then rise until March (0 to 2°). Rainfall is low but snow is abundant.

Spring (April to May)
Temperatures are cool (6° in April, 13° in May) and rainfall is low.

Summer (June to August)
Temperatures are constant (17 to 20°) and rainfall is moderate.

Autumn (September to October)
Temperatures progressively drop (12° in September, 6° in October) and rainfall is moderate. The first snow falls in October.

Northern Finland (Lapland)
Winter (October to April)
Temperatures drop form October (2°) to January (-11°) and then rise slowly until March (2°). They sometimes reach -30°. The sun does not rise above the horizon during fifty days (December-January). Snow is abundant.

Spring (May to June)
Temperatures rise rapidly (7° in May, 15° in June) and rainfall is low. The sun stays constantly above the horizon in June.

Summer (July to August)
Temperatures range between 15 and 18° (they reach 25° during five to ten days). Rainfall is moderate and the sun shines nine to ten hours a day.

Autumn (September)
Temperatures are cool (10°), rainfall is moderate and the first snow falls.

 When to go to Finland (pleasant climate) 
The climate of Finland is pleasant during the following months :

January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

 

Weather

(main cities) 
Average temperatures and rainfall

Helsinki (Capital of Finland)

Temp
January
February
March
April
May
June
max
-2°
-1°
16°
19°
min
-7°
-8°
-4°
10°
Temp
July
August
September
October
November
December
max
22°
19°
14°
min
12°
11°
-1°
-5°

Rain
January
February
March
April
May
June
mm
40
30
30
40
30
40
Rain
July
August
September
October
November
December
mm
70
80
70
70
70
60

Ivalo

Temp
January
February
March
April
May
June
max
-9°
-8°
-2°
14°
min
-15°
-16°
-12°
-7°
Temp
July
August
September
October
November
December
max
19°
16°
10°
-3°
-8°
min
-1°
-7°
-14°

Rain
January
February
March
April
May
June
mm
30
20
10
20
30
40
Rain
July
August
September
October
November
December
mm
60
60
40
30
30
20

Weather data (temperatures and precipitation) for Finland are derived from monthly averages established over the last twenty years.

Finland weather (more cities)


 Quick facts 
Finland, a country located in Northern Europe, is bordered by Norway to the north, by Russia to the east, by the Baltic Sea to the southwest and by Sweden to the northwest.

Capital: Helsinki
Area: 340 000 kmē
Population: 5 000 000 inhabitants
Languages: Finnish, Swedish
Currency: Euro

Finland










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