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Travel guide > Asia >

Climate and weather of Syria



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Syria




 

Climate

 
Syria has two different climatic zones.

Temperatures vary more during the year:on the plateau and in the valley (5° in January, 35° in July) than on the coast (15° in January, 30° in July). Rainfall is moderate on the coast (700 mm per year) and low in the rest of the country (100 to 200 mm per year). Sunshine is high in December to February (six to seven hours per day) and very high in July and August (twelve to thirteen hours a day).

The coast (northwest of Syria)
The coast has a Mediterranean climate with four seasons. Rrainfall reaches 700 mm per year.

Winter (December to February)
Temperatures are constant (16°) and rainfall is high. Clouds alternate with the sun.

Spring (March to May)
Temperatures are mild (20°) and rainfall is high in March, moderate in April and very low in May.

Summer (June to September)
Temperatures are high (30°) and rainfall is nonexistent (June to August) or very low (September). Sunshine is very high.

Autumn (October to November)
Temperatures are mild (24°) and rainfall is moderate.

The central plateau and the interior valley
The central plateau and the valley located in the east have an arid climate with a hot season and a mild season. Rainfall varies from 100 to 200 mm per year.

Hot season (May to October)
Temperatures reach 35° (sometimes 45° in the south). Rainfall is nonexistent and sunshine is very high.

Mild season (November to April)
Temperatures drop progressively drop from November (20°) to January (5°) and then rise to April (20 to 25°). Rainfall is very low (10 to 20 mm per month).

 When to go to Syria (pleasant climate) 
The climate of Syria is pleasant during the following months :

January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

 

Weather

(main cities) 
Average temperatures and rainfall

Damascus (Capital of Syria)

Temp
January
February
March
April
May
June
max
11°
13°
17°
22°
28°
32°
min
12°
16°
Temp
July
August
September
October
November
December
max
35°
35°
32°
26°
20°
13°
min
17°
17°
15°
12°

Rain
January
February
March
April
May
June
mm
40
30
30
10
10
...
Rain
July
August
September
October
November
December
mm
...
...
...
10
30
40

Aleppo

Temp
January
February
March
April
May
June
max
12°
16°
22°
28°
33°
min
11°
16°
19°
Temp
July
August
September
October
November
December
max
36°
36°
33°
27°
18°
11°
min
23°
23°
20°
15°

Rain
January
February
March
April
May
June
mm
60
50
40
30
10
...
Rain
July
August
September
October
November
December
mm
...
...
...
20
30
60

Weather data (temperatures and precipitation) for Syria are derived from monthly averages established over the last twenty years.

Syria weather (more cities)


 Quick facts 
Syria, a country located in the Middle East, is bordered by Liban and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, by Turkey to the north, by Iraq to the east and by Jordan and Israel to the southwest.

Capital: Damascus
Area: 185 000 kmē
Population: 18 000 000 inhabitants
Language: Arabic
Currency: Syrian pound

Syria










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