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Travel guide > Africa >

Climate and weather of Eritrea



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Eritrea




 

Climate

 
Eritrea has two different climatic zones.

Temperatures are stable all year round on the plateaus (23°) while they vary from 30 to 40° (50° in the southeast) in the coastal plain. Rainfall is moderate on the plateaus (400 to 600 mm per year) and extremely low (150 mm per year) on the coast. The sun shines most of the time.

The coast (east of Eritrea)
The coastal plain has an arid climate. Temperatures are high in January (30°) and very high in July (40°). They reach 50° in the desert (southeast). Rainfall is insignificant (150 mm per year) along the Red Sea and nonexistent in the desert.

The central plateaus
The plateaus located in the center of Eritrea have a temperate climate with a rainy season and a dry season.

Rainy season (July to August)
Temperatures reach 22° during the daytime (they lose 10° at night). Rainfall is moderate (400 to 600 mm).

Dry season (September to June)
Temperatures range between 22 and 25°. The coolest months are December, January and February.

 When to go to Eritrea (pleasant climate) 
The climate of Eritrea is pleasant during the following months :

January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

 

Weather

(main cities) 
Average temperatures and rainfall

Asmara (Capital of Eritrea)

Temp
January
February
March
April
May
June
max
22°
24°
25°
25°
25°
25°
min
10°
10°
Temp
July
August
September
October
November
December
max
22°
22°
23°
22°
21°
21°
min
11°
10°

Rain
January
February
March
April
May
June
mm
...
...
10
30
40
40
Rain
July
August
September
October
November
December
mm
170
150
20
20
20
...

Assab

Temp
January
February
March
April
May
June
max
31°
31°
34°
36°
37°
38°
min
21°
21°
23°
25°
27°
28°
Temp
July
August
September
October
November
December
max
40°
39°
37°
36°
34°
32°
min
30°
30°
28°
26°
23°
22°

Rain
January
February
March
April
May
June
mm
...
10
...
...
...
...
Rain
July
August
September
October
November
December
mm
10
...
...
...
...
...

Weather data (temperatures and precipitation) for Eritrea are derived from monthly averages established over the last twenty years.

Eritrea weather (more cities)


 Quick facts 
Eritrea, a country located in Eastern Africa, is bordered by Ethiopia to the south, by Sudan to the west, by the Red Sea to the east and by Djibouti to the southeast.

Capital: Asmara
Area: 121 000 kmē
Population: 6 500 000 inhabitants
Languages: Tigrinya, Arabic, English
Currency: Nakfa

Eritrea










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