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Travel guide > Africa >

Climate and weather of Ethiopia



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Ethiopia




 

Climate

 
Ethiopia has two different climatic zones.

Temperatures are mild in the mountains (20 to 24°) and very high in the plains (30 to 35° sometimes even more) all year round. The rains are higher in the mountains (1 000 2 000 mm per year) than in the plains (0 to 500 mm per year).

The central mountains
The mountains located in the center of Ethiopia have a climate with a rainy season and a dry season.

Rainy season (June to September)
Temperatures are stable (20°) and rainfall (thunderstorms) is abundant. The sun only shines two to four hours a day.

Dry season (October to May)
Temperatures reach 24° during the daytime ( they often drop to 0° at night). Sporadic rains fall in April and May. Sunshine is high (eight to nine hours per day).

The plains
The plains have an arid climate. Temperatures range between 30 and 35° (they sometimes reach 40°) throughout the year. Rainfall is low (500 mm per year) or nonexistent in some areas.

 When to go to Ethiopia (pleasant climate) 
The climate of Ethiopia is pleasant during the following months :

January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

 

Weather

(main cities) 
Average temperatures and rainfall

Addis Abeba (Capital of Ethiopia)

Temp
January
February
March
April
May
June
max
21°
22°
23°
22°
23°
21°
min
12°
13°
14°
14°
15°
14°
Temp
July
August
September
October
November
December
max
19°
19°
19°
21°
21°
21°
min
13°
13°
13°
13°
11°
11°

Rain
January
February
March
April
May
June
mm
10
30
60
80
80
130
Rain
July
August
September
October
November
December
mm
260
280
180
20
10
10

Dire Dawa

Temp
January
February
March
April
May
June
max
29°
30°
32°
33°
34°
36°
min
16°
16°
19°
20°
21°
22°
Temp
July
August
September
October
November
December
max
33°
32°
33°
34°
32°
29°
min
19°
18°
19°
18°
16°
17°

Rain
January
February
March
April
May
June
mm
20
40
50
80
10
30
Rain
July
August
September
October
November
December
mm
80
160
70
10
...
...

Weather data (temperatures and precipitation) for Ethiopia are derived from monthly averages established over the last twenty years.

Ethiopia weather (more cities)


 Quick facts 
Ethiopia, a country located in Eastern Africa, is bordered by Somalia to the southeast, by Kenya to the south, by South Sudan to the west, by Sudan to the northwest, by Eritrea to the north and by Djibouti to the east.

Capital: Addis Abeba
Area: 1 100 000 kmē
Population: 96 500 000 inhabitants
Languages: Amharic, English, Arabic
Currency: Birr

Ethiopia










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