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Travel guide > Asia >

Climate and weather of Mongolia



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Mongolia




 

Climate

 
Mongolia has a continental climate with four seasons.

Temperatures are higher on the vast plateau located in the south (-10° in January, 28° in July) than in the mountains located in the north (-15° in January, 21° in July). Rainfall varies from 400 mm per year in north to 100 mm per year in the south. Humidity is very low and sunshine is very high (250 days per year).

Winter (November to February)
Temperatures are very low (-5 to -10° in the north, 0 to -10° in the south). They often reach -20° during the daytime and -40° at night in January and February. The rivers and the lakes freeze and snow falls in the mountains. The days are usually sunny.

Spring (March to May)
Temperatures rise progressively (5° in April, 15° in May in the north ; 15° in April, 20° in May in the south) and rainfall is very low or nonexistent. Violent winds regularly blow.

Summer (June to August)
Temperatures reach 21-22° in the north and 25-28° in the south (sometimes 40° in the desert). The nights are cool. Rainfall is low in the south and moderate in the north.

Autumn (September to October)
Temperatures drop quickly (20° in September, 10° in October) and rainfall is low. The first snow falls in the mountains in October.

 When to go to Mongolia (pleasant climate) 
The climate of Mongolia is pleasant during the following months :

January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

 

Weather

(main cities) 
Average temperatures and rainfall

Ulan Bator (Capital of Mongolia)

Temp
January
February
March
April
May
June
max
-14°
-8°
-3°
16°
21°
min
-27°
-25°
-16°
-6°
Temp
July
August
September
October
November
December
max
22°
21°
15°
-5°
-14°
min
10°
-7°
-17°
-25°

Rain
January
February
March
April
May
June
mm
...
...
...
10
10
40
Rain
July
August
September
October
November
December
mm
60
50
30
10
...
...

Dalanzadgad

Temp
January
February
March
April
May
June
max
-8°
-4°
13°
21°
25°
min
-22°
-18°
-10°
-1°
12°
Temp
July
August
September
October
November
December
max
27°
25°
20°
12°
-6°
min
14°
13°
-3°
-12°
-21°

Rain
January
February
March
April
May
June
mm
...
...
...
10
10
20
Rain
July
August
September
October
November
December
mm
30
30
10
...
...
...

Weather data (temperatures and precipitation) for Mongolia are derived from monthly averages established over the last twenty years.

Mongolia weather (more cities)


 Quick facts 
Mongolia, a country located in Southeast Asia, is bordered by Russia to the north and by China to the south.

Capital: Ulan Bator
Area: 1 500 000 kmē
Population: 3 000 000 inhabitants
Language: Mongol
Currency: Tugrik

Mongolia










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