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Travel guide > Africa >

Climate and weather of Sudan



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Sudan




 

Climate

 
Sudan has a tropical climate with a short rainy season and a long dry season.

Temperatures vary between 30 and 40° during the year. The rains are higher in the south (300 to 600 mm per year) than in the center and in the north of the country (150 mm per year). Sunshine is very high (nine to ten hours per day) throughout the year except in the south during the rainy season.

Southern Sudan
The south has a climate with a dry season and rainy season.

Rainy season (June to September)
Temperatures range between 30 and 35° during the daytime (they lose 10° at night). Rainfall is moderate (300 to 600 mm) but humidity is high.

Dry season (October to May)
Temperatures are very high (30 to 40°). March, April and May are the hottest months. Sunshine is very high (nine to ten hours per day) and rainfall is nonexistent.

Central and northern Sudan
The center and the north have a warm and dry climate with a rainy season and a dry season.

Rainy season (June to September)
Temperatures are very high (35°) and rainfall is very low (150 mm).

Dry season (October to May)
Temperatures range from 30° to 40° in April and May (they lose between 15 and 20° at night). Rainfall is nonexistent except on the coast in November and December. Sunshine is very high (nine to ten hours per day).

 When to go to Sudan (pleasant climate) 
The climate of Sudan is pleasant during the following months :

January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

 

Weather

(main cities) 
Average temperatures and rainfall

Khartoum (Capital of Sudan)

Temp
January
February
March
April
May
June
max
31°
33°
36°
40°
42°
41°
min
15°
17°
20°
22°
27°
27°
Temp
July
August
September
October
November
December
max
38°
37°
39°
39°
35°
32°
min
26°
25°
26°
26°
21°
17°

Rain
January
February
March
April
May
June
mm
...
...
...
...
...
10
Rain
July
August
September
October
November
December
mm
50
70
20
...
...
...

Port Soudan

Temp
January
February
March
April
May
June
max
27°
27°
29°
31°
35°
38°
min
20°
19°
20°
22°
23°
26°
Temp
July
August
September
October
November
December
max
40°
40°
37°
33°
31°
29°
min
28°
29°
27°
25°
23°
21°

Rain
January
February
March
April
May
June
mm
10
...
...
...
...
...
Rain
July
August
September
October
November
December
mm
...
...
...
10
30
10

Weather data (temperatures and precipitation) for Sudan are derived from monthly averages established over the last twenty years.

Sudan weather (more cities)


 Quick facts 
Sudan, a country located in Eastern Africa, is bordered by Eritrea to the east, by Ethiopia to the southeast, by South Sudan to the south, by the Central African Republic to the southwest, by Chad to the west, by Libya to the northwest, by Egypt to the north and by the Red Sea to the northeast.

Capital: Khartoum
Area: 1 850 000 kmē
Population: 35 500 000 inhabitants
Language: Arabic, English
Currency: Sudanese pound

Sudan










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 Chad
 Egypt
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