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Travel guide > Europe >

Climate and weather of Switzerland



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Switzerland




 

Climate

 
Switzerland has two different climatic zones.

Temperatures are higher on the plateau (2 to 25°) than in the mountains (0 to 18°). Rainfall varies more in the mountains (600 mm to 2;500 mm per year) than on the plateau (1 000 and 1 500 mm per year).

The plateau (northern Switzerland)
The plateau has a temperate climate with four seasons . Rainfall varies from 1 000 to 1 500 mm per year.

Winter (December to February)
Temperatures are low (2 to 5°) and rainfall is moderate.

Spring (March to May)
Temperatures rise progressively (8° in March, 12° in April, 17° in May) and rainfall is high.

Summer (June to August)
Temperatures range between 20 and 25° (they sometimes reach 30°) and rainfall (thunderstorms) is high.

Autumn (September to November)
Temperatures steadily drop (19° in September, 13° in October, 8° in November) and rainfall is high.

The mountains (southern Switzerland)
The mountains have an alpine climate with four seasons. Rainfall ranges between 600 mm (in the southwestern and southeastern valleys) and 2 500 mm per year.

Winter (December to February)
Temperatures are very low (0° during the daytime, -5 to -10° at night). Snowfalls are frequent.

Spring (March to May)
Temperatures rise slowly (4° in March, 7° in April, 12° in May) and rainfall is moderate.

Summer (June to August)
Temperatures range between 15 and 18° (they lose six degrees at night). Rainfall is high.

Autumn (September to November)
Temperatures progressively drop (14° in September, 10° in October, 4° in November) and rainfall is moderate.

 When to go to Switzerland (pleasant climate) 
The climate of Switzerland is pleasant during the following months :

January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

 

Weather

(main cities) 
Average temperatures and rainfall

Bern (Capital of Switzerland)

Temp
January
February
March
April
May
June
max
12°
17°
20°
min
-4°
-2°
10
Temp
July
August
September
October
November
December
max
23°
22°
19°
13°
min
12°
12°
-3°

Rain
January
February
March
April
May
June
mm
70
60
70
80
110
120
Rain
July
August
September
October
November
December
mm
100
110
80
70
80
70

Geneva

Temp
January
February
March
April
May
June
max
13°
17°
22°
min
-2°
-1°
10°
Temp
July
August
September
October
November
December
max
25°
24°
20°
14°
min
12°
14°
-2°

Rain
January
February
March
April
May
June
mm
70
70
70
60
70
80
Rain
July
August
September
October
November
December
mm
60
80
80
70
90
80

Weather data (temperatures and precipitation) for Switzerland are derived from monthly averages established over the last twenty years.

Switzerland weather (more cities)


 Quick facts 
Switzerland, a country located in Western Europe, is bordered by Austria and Liechtenstein to the east, by Italy to the south, by France to the west and by Germany to the north.

Capital: Bern
Area: 41 000 kmē
Population: 8 000 000 inhabitants
Languages: German, French, Italian, Romansh
Currency: Swiss franc

Switzerland










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